One-to-one and small-group tutoring for reading. Which is more effective?

Best Evidence in Brief Index

By Marta Pellegrini, University of Cagliari, Italy

Reading Rescue is a tutoring program for students struggling to read in first grade. The program is implemented in one-to-one sessions, 30 minutes per day, by teaching assistants trained to deliver the program. Lessons include fluency building, daily assessments, phonics instruction, sentence writing, and vocabulary development.

A version of Reading Rescue to be delivered to groups of three students was developed through a collaboration between researchers and practitioners in order to make the program more cost effective and to be able to help more students. The study investigated which version, one-to-one or small group, was more effective in enhancing students’ early literacy skills. First graders in two cohorts were randomly assigned to receive Reading Rescue either one-to-one (n=63) or in a small-group (n=96), or to a control group (n=91) who continued with teacher regular practice. Both one-to-one and small groups received a total…

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