What is the effect of how you raise your child – your parenting method – and the future life of your kid. A research group led by Nishimura Kazuo (Project Professor at the Kobe University Center for Social Systems Innovation) and Yagi Tadashi (Professor at the Doshisha University Faculty of Economics) have released survey results showing that children who receive positive attention and care from their parents have high incomes, high happiness levels, academic success, and a strong sense of morality.
Sounds great, but sadly I wasn’t able to track down the actual study as it is not yet published but soon to be presented as a discussion paper at the Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI, a Japanese policy think tank). I’ll add the link asap.
Why I do share this study with several issues?
First the issues
- Online survey
- Rather a correlational design than a clear causal relationship being proven
Why I do share it:
- It’s in line with previous research, such as what’s been written about tiger moms.
From the press release:
Project Professor Nishimura’s group aimed to discover the effects of parenting methods in Japan. To achieve this, in January 2016 they carried out an online survey as part of the RIETI project “Fundamental Research for Sustainable Economic Growth in Japan.” They obtained answers from 5000 women and men to questions and statements about their relationships with their parents during childhood, including statements such as “My parents trusted me,” and “I felt like my family had no interest in me.” Using this data, they identified four key factors: (dis)interest, trust, rules, and independence, as well as “time spent together,” and “experiences of being scolded.” Based on their results, the research group divided parenting methods into the following 6 categories.
High or average levels of independence, high levels of trust, high levels of interest shown in child, large amount of time spent together
Low levels of independence, medium-to-high levels of trust, strict or fairly strict, medium-to-high levels of interest shown in child, many rules
High or average levels of trust, not strict at all, time spent together is average or longer than average
Low levels of interest shown in child, not strict at all, small amount of time spent together, few rules
Low levels of interest shown in child, low levels of independence, low levels of trust, strict
Average levels for all key factors
(Left) Parenting methods (supportive, strict, indulgent) and their effects on children’s success
(Right) Parenting methods (easygoing, harsh, average) and their effects on children’s success
The results demonstrated that people who had experienced “supportive” child-rearing where parents paid them a lot of positive attention reported high salaries, academic success, and high levels of happiness. On the other hand, participants subjected to a “strict” upbringing where parents paid them high levels of attention combined with strict discipline reported high salaries and academic achievement, but lower happiness levels and increased stress.